Presence of task-1 channel in the laryngeal mucosa in the newborn lamb
Bournival, Véronique; Roberge, Claude; Campbell, Shirley; Doueik, Alexandre; Gendron, Louis; Payet, Marcel Daniel; Gallo-Payet, Nicole; Praud, Jean-Paul
Nearly 40 potassium channels have been described in respiratory epithelial cells. Of these are found several members of the 4-transmembrane domain, 2-pore K(+) channel family (K2P family), namely Twik-1 and -2, Trek-1 and -2, Task-2, -3, and -4, Thik-1, and KCNK7. The aim of this study was to verify whether the Twik-related acid-sensitive K(+) channel, subtype 1 (Task-1) (also known as KCNK3), is present in the laryngeal mucosa in the newborn lamb. Through the use of immunohistochemistry and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, results indicate that Task-1 protein and mRNA are present in the laryngeal mucosa, in both the ciliated, pseudostratified columnar (respiratory) epithelium and the nonkeratinized, stratified squamous epithelium. The complete ovine Task-1 protein sequence showed high homology levels with previously reported mouse, bovine, and human Task-1 sequences. This includes a complete homology for the C-terminal amino acid sequence, which is mandatory for protein trafficking to the cell membrane. These results represent the first demonstration that Task-1, a pH-sensitive channel responsible for setting membrane potential, is present in the laryngeal mucosa of a newborn mammal.