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Other titre : Études théoriques et expérimentales de l'oxydation électrolytique complète inverse dans le système Na-B-H-O

dc.contributor.advisorGitzhofer, Françoisfr
dc.contributor.authorCalabretta, Daniel Louisfr
dc.description.abstractThis work presents theoretical and experimental findings pertaining to the possible replacement of conventional, automotive fuels by solid, light alkaline-metal borohydrides (EM+,B3+/H-). On a complete oxidation basis, and under certain arrangements, the latter fuels have volumetric energy capacities that exceed the most recognized, automotive constraints; furthermore, the solid metal oxide products (EM+,B3+/02-) have the potential to be regenerated off-board to their respective hydrides via electrolytic reverse complete oxidation processes. Electrolytic reverse complete oxidation processes are conceptualized as water electrolysis and electrolytic reverse combustion or electrolytic reverse hydrolysis unit operations in series. To more clearly express these mostly electrochemical fuel-cycles, a thermodynamic reaction model was contrived. To investigate the electrolytic reverse hydrolysis hypothesis, attempts were made to prepare metal-supported, electrolytic reverse hydrolysis anode compartments. The glycine nitrate process facilitated the synthesis of nickel iron oxide (anode) and select doped ceria fluorite and double-doped LaGaO3 perovskite (solid oxygen anion electrolytes) powders. Hydridic electrolyte compositions belonging to the Na2BH5-Na413205 quasi-binary system were synthesized from NaH, NaBH4 and NaB02. Analyses for the materials' compatibilities and solubilities studies (823 + 10 °K, 1.00 f 0.01 MPa) included induction coupled plasma, inert x-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. NaH reduces magnetite to austenite; hence, the most promising solid oxygen anion electrolyte, Lao7Sro3GauFeo3Mgo 103.6 (LSGFM), cannot be in direct contact with these hydridic electrolytes. The other oxides of Lao8Sro2Ga08Mg0203.6 are significantly soluble in these melts, but either a quenching or an electrochemical technique will be required to more accurately assess their values. For the preparation of small, metal-supported, electrolytic reverse hydrolysis anode compartments, suspension plasma spraying was used for the depositions of the anode and solid oxygen anion electrolyte layers. Energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and x-ray diffraction were used for the analyses of the resultant coatings' characteristics. In consequence of LSGFM's remarkable specific conductivity at — 673 °K, a solid oxygen anion electrolyte-supported, electrolytic reverse combustion or electrolytic reverse hydrolysis anode compartment design may be considered, but this will require the addition of a protective, solid oxygen anion electrolyte layer. The thermodynamic analyses has identified scandia stabilized zirconia as the most auspicious solid oxygen anion electrolyte; hence, understanding the nature of the anhydrous Sc)+,Zr4*,B3+,Na+,H+/H",02" system at 723 ± 50 °K and < 1.0 MPa is paramount to further efforts regarding electrolytic reverse hydrolysis or electrolytic reverse combustion proof-of-concept studies. [symboles non conformes]fr
dc.publisherUniversité de Sherbrookefr
dc.rights© Daniel Louis Calabrettafr
dc.subjectÉlectrolytes en céramiquefr
dc.subjectPlasma inductiffr
dc.subjectSels fondusfr
dc.subjectStockage de l'hydrogènefr
dc.titleTheoretical and experimental investigations related to electrolytic reverse complete oxidation within the Na-B-H-O systemfr
dc.title.alternativeÉtudes théoriques et expérimentales de l'oxydation électrolytique complète inverse dans le système Na-B-H-Ofr
dc.typeThèsefrénie chimiquefré de géniefr

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