L'appropriation d'un dispositif hybride en formation pour adultes le cas du Campus numérique à l'ESSCA
This thesis focuses on the study of setting up a system of innovative distance learning and its appropriation by the involved actors. The researcher tries to understand or to explain the ownership of an innovative educational context, both from a technology and pedagogy, through the mobilization of the actors of the system, and specifically their dynamic capacities. The aim of this research is to clarify the components of such a mobilization, and develop an explanatory model that values the dynamic capacity of actors, and mainly their absorptive capacities. The research strategy is a process case study research: the appropriation by the actors of the ESSCA (École Supérieure des Faculté des sciences Commerciales d'Angers, France), and by the institution itself, of a training distance learning device. The study is located in a interpretative paradigm. Qualitative data were collected since the beginning of the process, ie since 2001. First, the analysis of the appropriation process reveals a pattern of conditions that will allow the recruitment of actors, and promote ownership. The results highlight the crucial role of a common language for all from a structured approach to translation, the need to promote collaboration operations, and given the fundamental motivation for both individual and institutional. Next, the analysis of the appropriation process highlights a procedural model of the absorptive capacity of the institution and its actors. To estimate the value of new knowledge, the actors will be based on prior knowledge from the external domain or from the institution. Feeding their motivation, they will acquire new knowledge to assimilate and transform in the laboratory and prototype stages. The project stage will see the capacity of actors to use this knowledge to generate new knowledge for transfer to other training programs.