La collectivité apprenante une stratégie de développement local
The phenomenon of connected communities shows that the Internet can be a powerful tool in promoting cohesiveness between community actors. Indeed, public and nonpublic initiatives with the aim of networking members of a community through a virtual platform, and attempts to federate existing local initiatives through a collective portal are multiplying in the developed countries. This has given rise to expressions such as"connected city,"intelligent city," and"digital city." However, uses developed from Internet applications have remained primarily instruments limited to information dissemination or service delivery. In the thesis, we maintain that it is possible to go beyond the instrumental character of Internet applications and to give a developmental character to processing for designing and developing a collective portal. A learning community is a completed form of connected community that promotes local actors to develop a creative synergy that can yield ideas, collaboration, and development projects. In addition to promoting the use of ICTs, a learning community project can stimulate public participation in community activities, redefine community governance, and give rise to a relational strategy that can generate the knowledge, distinctive competences, and collective capabilities that influence the direction of community development.