Exercice et isoflavones chez les femmes ménopausées en surplus de poids effets sur la composition corporelle, le profil métabolique et la capacité physique
Background : Results from a pilot project indicate that exercise training could have an additive effect with soy isoflavones on body composition in postmenopausal women. We aimed to assess the combined effect of exercise and isoflavones in 100 overweight-to-obese postmenopausal women. Methods. Subjects were assigned to four groups: 1- Placebo; 2- Isoflavones; 3- Exercise and placebo, and 4- Exercise and isoflavones. The supplement contained 70 mg/day of isoflavones. Exercise consisted of three weekly sessions of high-intensity resistance training and aerobics. Outcome measures included fat mass (FM), lean body mass (LBM), bone mineral density, bodyweight, waist, lipid profile, fasting glucose, fasting insulin, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), estradiol, testosterone, progesterone, thyroid hormones, maximal voluntary strength and Relative strength. Results. Among the 79 overweight-to-obese postmenopausal women who completed this 6-month study, additive effects were found between treatments for leg FM%. However, when considering only obese women, treatments interacted to reduce bodyweight, total FM and trunk FM. Nevertheless, we found that exercise produced main effects in all participants in waist, total FM, trunk FM%, arm LBM, leg LBM, Relative quadriceps strength, and maximal voluntary strength in the Leg press and the Bench press. Important changes in SHBG (+50%) and in progesterone (-60%) also occurred after 6-mo of high intensity exercise training. Conclusions . In overweight-to-obese postmenopausal women, six months of exercise brought favorable changes in adiposity, muscle mass and muscle strength. Isoflavones could have a beneficial effect on leg FM%. However, in obese subjects, an interaction between isoflavones and exercise appear to promote reductions in adiposity. From a clinical standpoint, these results are likely to transfer into an improved metabolic health and better functional capacities.