What really matters in pediatric chronic pain rehabilitation? Results of a multi-stakeholder nominal group technique study
Hurtubise, Karen; Brousselle, Astrid; Noel, Mélanie; Camden, Chantal
SubjectPediatric pain-related disability
Abstract : Purpose: To prioritize outcome domains sensitive to the needs of the various stakeholders involved in rehabilitation programs designed for youth with pain-related disability using the International Classification of Function Child and Youth version. Materials and Methods: A 5-step nominal group technique was conducted with 13 stakeholders, including 2 youth with pain-related disability, 2 parents, 5 clinicians, 2 teachers, and 2 healthcare managers. Once identified by content thematic analysis and International Classification of Function linking, 15 outcome domains were ranked. Priority rank scores were then weighted. Results: Six outcome domains were prioritized: 1) activities of daily living, 2) participation in meaningful activities, 3) social roles and relationships, 4) mood and affect, 5) school engagement, and 6) self-efficacy. Discrepancies in ranking existed; parents and youth attributed importance to pain, sleep, and program satisfaction whereas clinicians and mangers underscored pain–related fear and family functioning. When compared, prioritized domain associated with three PedIMMPACT recommendations, and aligned with the activity and participation components of the International Classification of Function for Child and Youth. Conclusion: These findings emphasize the importance of integrating various perspectives, including those of youth with pain-related disability and other important stakeholders and adopting a broader conceptualization of disability and function when selecting key rehabilitation evaluation outcome for this population.