Show simple document record

dc.contributor.authorFedrizzi, Francielefr
dc.contributor.authorCabana, Hubertfr
dc.contributor.authorNdanga Mbakop, Élianefr
dc.contributor.authorCabral, Alexandrefr
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-26T13:16:17Z
dc.date.available2020-05-26T13:16:17Z
dc.date.created2018fr
dc.date.issued2020-05-26
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11143/17074
dc.description.abstractAbstract: The performance of biofiltration to mitigate CH4 emissions from cow barns was investigated in the laboratory using two flow-through columns constructed with an acclimatized packed bed media composed of inexpensive materials and readily available in an agricultural context. The biofilters were fed with artificial exhaust gas at a constant rate of 0.036 m3 h−1 and low inlet CH4 concentration (0.22 g m−3 = 300 ppm). The empty-bed residence time (EBRT) was equal to 0.21 h. Additionally, in order to simulate temperature changes under natural conditions and determine the influence of such cycles on CH4 removal efficiency, the upper part of the biofilters were submitted to temperature oscillations over time. The maximum oxidation rate (1.68 μg CH4 gdw−1h−1) was obtained with the commercial compost mixed with straw. Accordingly, it was considered as packing bed media for the biofilters. The CH4 removal efficiency was affected by the temperature prevailing within the biofilters, by the way in which the cooling-warming cycles were applied and by the acclimatization process. The shorter the cooling-warming cycles, the more oxidation rates varied. With longer cycles, CH4 removal rates stabilized and CH4 removal efficiencies attained nearly 100% in both biofilters, and remained at this level for more than 100 days, irrespective of the temperature at the top of the biofilter, which was – at times – adverse for microbiological activity. The first order rate constant for CH4 oxidation kinetics of the entire system was estimated at 15 h−1. If such rate could be transposed to real field conditions in Canada, home to nearly 945,000 dairy cows, biofiltration may be applied to efficiently abate between 2 × 106 and 3 × 106 t yr−1 of CO2 equivalent (depending on how estimates are performed) from bovine enteric fermentation alone.fr
dc.language.isoengfr
dc.relation.isformatofhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.06.038fr
dc.relation.ispartofISSN:1879-2456fr
dc.relation.ispartofWaste Managementfr
dc.rightsAttribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 2.5 Canada*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/*
dc.subjectBiofiltrationfr
dc.subjectPacking bed mediafr
dc.subjectAcclimatizationfr
dc.subjectCooling-warming cyclesfr
dc.subjectAnimal housesfr
dc.titleBiofiltration of methane from cow barns: Effects of climatic conditions and packing bed media acclimatizationfr
dc.typeArticlefr
dc.rights.holder© Elsevierfr
udes.description.typestatusPost-publicationfr
udes.description.typepubRévisé et accepté par des pairsfr
udes.description.pages669-676fr
udes.description.period78fr
udes.description.diffusionDiffusé par Savoirs UdeS, le dépôt institutionnel de l'Université de Sherbrookefr
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationFedrizzi, F., Cabana, H., Ndanga Mbakop, É., et Cabral, A. (2018). Biofiltration of methane from cow barns: Effects of climatic conditions and packing bed media acclimatization. "Waste Management", 78, 669-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.06.038fr
udes.description.sourceWaste Managementfr
udes.autorisation.depottruefr
udes.description.ordreauteursFedrizzi, Franciele; Cabana, Hubert; Ndanga Mbakop, Éliane; Cabral, Alexandrefr


Files in this document

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This document appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple document record

Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 2.5 Canada
Except where otherwise noted, this document's license is described as Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 2.5 Canada