Étude de mise en oeuvre d'un contrôleur vibratoire à grand nombre de canaux pour une suspension automobile Buick Century
SubjectDécomposition en valeurs singulières
The main objective of this research project is to study the feasibility and effectiveness of active structural control of car's suspension. These structural vibrations are transmitted to the chassis and radiate noise, called road noise, inside the cabin of a car. This project should lead to a reduction of the level of noise inside the vehicle. This project is accomplished in collaboration with research group AUTO 21, GM Canada and Acoustics Group of Université de Sherbrooke (GAUS). Firstly, experimental measurements of primary vibroacoustic transfer functions have been performed on a vehicle stationed. The disturbance is provided by a shaker mounted on the axis of the wheel and the measurement is taken by microphones inside the cabin. Suspension and cabin modal frequencies have been identified in the frequency band [0-500] Hz. Then, experimental measurements of secondary vibroacoustic transfer functions have been performed on the vehicle. The secondary disturbance is provided by an inertial actuator mounted at different positions and different orientations on the suspension and the measurement is taken by microphones inside the cabin. Using optimal control, an estimated value of radiated noise reduction inside the cabin has been found for different actuator configurations. Finally, Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) has been tested with experimental data in order to find an actuator configuration able to reduce radiated noise inside the cabin for minimum effort and/or minimum number of control actuators.
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