Morley Callaghan and Albert Laberge : contrasted views of their "œuvres
A parallel study of the theme of violence and of the motif of crime and punishment in the short story oeuvres of Albert Laberge and Morley Callaghan sets in evidence the intricate polymorphous guilt complex which is the major feature of these two writers' literary accomplishments. The feeling of guilt which the work of art expresses and at the same time subtly transmutes stems from the depth of the individuals unconscious memory as well as from the substrata of collective mind in which he has been immersed from the beginning and that decisively contributed to the formation and to the cristallisation of his particular frame of mind. The study of the many manifestations of the guilt complex in both oeuvres, and especially in the oedipean conflictual situations becomes the royal way for the exploration of the obscure regions where the work of art originates. Its complex overstructures are determined long before the writer has any intention of producing it. To tangle with the matter of creation at such a level is an exciting enterprise which leaves one in awe since it leads to the contemplation of infinitesimal margin between freedom and determinism in the act of producing the only possible anti—Destiny, art. Such an experience of awe the reader and the critic share with the characters Laberge and Callaghan created. Unquestionably it was both authors' attitude toward man and his fate.