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Cyclic Di-GMP Riboswitch-Regulated Type IV Pili Contribute to Aggregation of Clostridium difﬁcile
Clostridium difﬁcile is an anaerobic Gram-positive bacterium that causes intestinal infections with symptoms ranging from mild diarrhea to fulminant colitis. Cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a bacterial ...
Electrophysiological and firing properties of neurons: categorizing soloists and choristers in primary visual cortex
Abstract: Visual processing in the cortex involves various aspects of neuronal properties such as morphological, electrophysiological and molecular. In particular, the neural firing pattern is an important indicator of ...
Replication and active partition of integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs) of the SXT/R391 family : the line between ICEs and conjugative plasmids is getting thinner
Integrative and Conjugative Elements (ICEs) of the SXT/R391 family disseminate multidrug resistance among pathogenic Gammaproteobacteria such as Vibrio cholerae. SXT/R391 ICEs are mobile genetic elements that reside in the ...
Surface-Enhanced Nitrate Photolysis on Ice
Heterogeneous nitrates photolysis is the trigger for many chemical processes occurring in the polar boundary layer and is widely believed to occur in a quasi-liquid layer (QLL) at the surface of ice. The dipole forbidden ...
Preparation of conformationally restricted β2,2- and β2,2,3-amino esters and derivatives containing an all-carbon quaternary center
Abstract: β-Amino acids are routinely incorporated into peptidic drugs to increase their stability and to incur conformational biases. However, the synthesis of highly substituted β-amino acids still represents a great ...