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dc.contributor.advisorRivard, Patrice
dc.contributor.advisorLa Borderie, Christian
dc.contributor.advisorBallivy, Gérard
dc.contributor.advisorPerlot Bascoulès, Céline
dc.contributor.authorNouailletas, Olivierfr
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-21T13:50:55Z
dc.date.available2014-03-21T13:50:55Z
dc.date.created2014fr
dc.date.issued2014fr
dc.identifier.urihttp://savoirs.usherbrooke.ca/handle/11143/110
dc.description.abstractRésumé : Ces travaux de thèse s'intéressent à l'étude du comportement d'une discontinuité dans un géomatériau sous sollicitations chemo-mécaniques à l'échelle du laboratoire. Des essais de traction-compression cyclique étudient la refermeture d'une fissure. Ils indiquent que les déformations inélastiques seraient gouvernées en partie par les frottements générés lors du ré-emboîtement des lèvres de la discontinuité, non correspondantes du fait des contraintes internes. Des joints rocheux altérés chimiquement sous sollicitation tangentielle sont étudiés au travers d'essais de cisaillement direct : le comportement des joints dégradés est profondément modifié du fait de la diminution des propriétés mécaniques du matériau de part et d'autre de la discontinuité et de l'accentuation de la non-correspondance des profils rugueux. Le comportement d'une discontinuité est modélisée par le couplage d'un modèle élasto-plastique endommageable continu avec une résolution discrète du problème de contact/frottement (code calcul aux éléments finis Cast3M). Les résultats numériques confirment les phénomènes constatés expérimentalement.//Abstract: To probate the technology of CO[indice inférieur 2] geological storage, the integrity of the site must be assure over time. This industruial problematic involves the study of the mechanical properties alteration of geomaterials in the presence of CO[indice inférieur 2]. The scenario at the origin of this thesis illustrates the possibility of a CO[indice inférieur 2] leakage on a fault located in the caprock. This geological problem is complicated by the many parameters to consider: in situ temperature and pressure, scale effect, heterogeneities of the geomaterial, geofluide composition, chemical reactions ... These works focus on the behavior of a discontinuity in a geomaterial solicited chemomechanically at the laboratory scale. They were realised in cotutelle between SIAME laboratory at the University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (France) and the laboratory of rock mechanics and engineering geology from the University of Sherbrooke (Quebec, Canada). The first part of the experimental program was defined to characterize the reclosing of a crack under cyclic uniaxial stress. The second experimental campaign has studied the shear behavior of a rock joint chemically degraded. The data obtained were used to model the behavior of a discontinuity by the finite element method. The mechanical behavior of a crack under normal stress is assessed with cyclic tension-compression tests. Stress curve showed hysteresis during opening and closing cycles of a discontinuity in concrete, it indicated inelastic deformations The analysis of displacement field by image correlation indicated that theses deformations were partially governed by the friction generated during the closing of the discontinuity lips. Frictional phenomena are due to asperities mismatching induced by the internal stresses in the concrete. The shear behavior of a rock joint chemically damaged was studied through direct shear tests. Rough surfaces were immersed in acid solution during 6 hours at constant pH. Digitalization of these surfaces befor and after immesion, with a lase profilometer, indicates little modifications of the geometry induced by dissolution of material. Results of tests pointed out significant modifications for altered joints illustred by a of the peak shear strength and an increased of contractancy. They are induced by: 1) the mismatch enhancement of the rough profiles of the discontinuity and, 2) the degradation of the mechanical properties of the material on both sides of the discontinuity due to the chemical attack. Numerical contribution of the thesis lies in modeling the behavior of a discontinuity by the coupling of an continuous elastic-plastic damaged model with a discrete resolution of the contact/friction problem. The model is developed with the finite element code Cast3M. Geometries lips discontinuities are modeled directly from the roughness profiles from experimental scans. The numerical results correctly represent the friction phenomena observed experimentally. Finally, a model of the shear test altered joints is performed by coupling the mechanical model with chemical damage model.fr
dc.language.isofrefr
dc.publisherUniversité de Sherbrookefr
dc.rights© Olivier Nouailletasfr
dc.rightsAttribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 2.5 Canada*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/*
dc.subjectDiscontinuitéfr
dc.subjectDégradation chimiquefr
dc.subjectRugositéfr
dc.subjectEssai de cisaillement directfr
dc.subjectEndommagementfr
dc.subjectContact/frottementfr
dc.subjectÉléments finisfr
dc.subjectStockage géologique de CO[indice inférieur 2]fr
dc.subjectEssai uni-axial cycliquefr
dc.subjectModélisationfr
dc.subjectCast3Mfr
dc.subjectGeological storage of CO[subscript 2]fr
dc.subjectDiscontinuityfr
dc.subjectChemical degradationfr
dc.subjectRoughnessfr
dc.subjectDirect shear testfr
dc.subjectCyclic uniaxial testfr
dc.subjectDamagefr
dc.subjectContact/frictionfr
dc.subjectFinite elements modelingfr
dc.titleComportement d'une discontinuité dans un géomatériau sous sollicitation chemo-mécanique : expérimentations et modélisationsfr
dc.typeThèsefr
tme.degree.disciplineGénie civilfr
tme.degree.grantorFaculté de géniefr
tme.degree.grantotherUniversité de Pau et des Pays de l'Adourfr
tme.degree.levelDoctoratfr
tme.degree.namePh.D.fr


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