Quelles ressources pour le sujet vieillissant? les ontologies, une perspective pour la conception et l'évaluation des aides capacitantes
This thesis focuses on the design and the evaluation of the assistive technological solutions dedicated to the aging people. It is based on a framework which proposes a developmental approach of the aging subject. Our research is composed of three main objectives. The first objective is to improve the knowledge of the aging people (with or without cognitive impairments) problems of activity limitations and participation restrictions in society. The second objective is to preserve (or to develop) the empowerment of the persons with and without cognitive impairment, during the daily activities. Finally, the third objective is to enrich the subject model considered in the design. In this research, the design challenge exceeds the compensation and the slowing down of the individual state deterioration. It aims to preserve the residual individual capabilities and to propose the resources for an adequate fallback and the individual capabilities and empowerment development. Our work is based on a multidisciplinary, participatory and user centered design approach. We use ergonomics knowledge to improve the human-machines interactions, psychological knowledge to analyze acceptability and appropriation of the technical assistive devices, and technical knowledge to develop assistive technologies.
- Sciences – Thèses