Identification des sites de phosphorylation basale et dépendante de la PKC sur TRPC6
Intracellular Ca[superscript 2+] is involved in many biological processes in all cells throughout the organism. In non excitable cells, TRPC proteins located at the plasma membrane are calcium channels involved in calcium entry. TRPC6 is particularly studied since its implication in many pathologies, as FSGS, IPAH and some cancers. Its activation and regulation modes and mechanisms are yet fully understood, in spite of the intense research. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the regulation of TRPC6 by phosphorylation. For this, we used metabolic labeling and videomicroscopy techniques in order to evaluate direct TRPC6 phosphorylation and activity. We hence identified a basal as well as a PKC-dependent phosphorylation on TRPC6. PKC is known to modulate the activity of TRPC1, TRPC3, TRPC4 and TRPC5. Recent studies also showed that TRPC6 is inhibited by PKC. Our first study confirms that activation of PKC leads to TRPC6 activity inhibition. When using GF1, a specific PKC inhibitor, calcium entry in TRPC6-expressing cells is potentiated. We moreover show that TRPC6 is phosphorylated following PKC activation. We identify the serine at position 448 as being phosphorylated and responsible for the PKC-mediated inhibition. The S448A mutant of TRPC6 is no longer phosphorylated nor inhibited by PKC. This first study thus demonstrates that PKC-dependent phosphorylation of serine 448 of TRPC6 mediates channel inhibition. In the second study, we investigate the basal phosphorylation of TRPC6, which was observed in the first study. Mass spectrometry analysis identified serine 814 as being potentially phosphorylated, a fact confirmed by metabolic labeling assays performed on the S814A mutant of TRPC6. We show that the S814A mutation does not affect TRPC6 activity. Even though the S814 is in a consensus CK2 phosphorylation sequence, we also show that CK2 is not involved in the phosphorylation or the regulation of TRPC6. These studies thus led to the identification of two new phosphorylations on TRPC6, serine 448 and 814. We also characterized the mechanism by which PKC regulates TRPC6.