Une éthique de la biodiversité : outil pour la protection de [la] nature?
The contemporary Western Civilization, our society, has to rethink its relation to nature. This memoire is based on the following questions. How come do we feel that we have failed in our relation to nature? Is our relation to nature biased? How can we avoid increased misunderstanding between human and nature? Might ethic applied to biodiversity be a necessary tool to protect nature? All, from individuals to States, from lobbies to business, are questioned. This questioning needs a framework, thus ethic. The ethical analysis used is called axiological ethic based on a system of values. These values reflect social, economical, and political contexts. We associate these values to biodiversity. Then the memoire analyses a particular case taken from a precise industrial situation: the production of colza. The last section shows the relevance of this type of ethical analysis. The answer is negative. Biodiversity cannot be molded or cannot be made to answer ethic, because biodiversity can't be held in a status quo.